> القلقلة is an echoing sound.
There are five letters in the quran that are: Qaaf, taa, baa, jeem and daal (ق ط ب ج د )- قطب جد
Rule: Only when there is a sukoon on any of these letters, or if you stop at them.
In the Qur’an: an echoing sound that follows the ق ط ب ج د, in their “sukoon” form only (or if you cause it to have a ‘sukoon’, as in stopping at the word that ends with one of these letters).
The reason for qalqala is to make sure the letter is heard perfectly.
Because when you stop at one of these letters, you’re closing your airway, and the person listening cannot tell what the last letter was.
Qalqala needs a lot of practice to be said accurately; it doesn’t follow the harakah of the letter before it or after it.
There are Three different levels of Qalqalah:
Level 1 : The least strength is when it is in the middle of a word
“وخلقْناكم أزواجا”, “و لا تجْزون إلا ما كنتم تعملون” or when you are connecting it with the next word “قدْ بينا الآيات لقوم يوقنون”. Here the “echo” is very light.
Level 2: Middle strength, when the letter is in the end of a word, with no shaddah “والله من ورائهم محيط”, “بل هو قرآن مجيد”
Level 3: It has a shaddah and it comes at the end of an ayah. The strongest qalqalah is when the word is in the end, and has a shaddah, you drop the last harakah, and say it with qalqalah “قال رب احكم بالحقٌ”
Here you’d hold the qalqalah for a little bit, because it has shaddah and sukoon.
You drop the last harakah, and leave the shaddah as its part of the word, so if it is haqqi, you make it haqq.
Question : which level is the word “تب ” in first ayay in
surat al masad?
(answer: Level 3)
Sources: The above notes are taken from an online halaqah on tajweed (which started recently), and the teacher is using the book “بعض المفيد في علم التجويد“, and few websites.