Having trouble pronouncing “ض“ ?
The sound of “ ض” is unique to Arabic only, also known as the language of dhaad (لغة الض ). It can be very tricky for beginners in tajweed. I personally find it one of the toughest letters to pronounce. But with the help of Allah(swt) and some tips, you’ll find it easier to pronounce and be able to “hear” your mistakes with time. And like everything else, practice makes it perfect!
A dear friend of mine spent some time with me on explaining the technique/ways to pronounce ض. The following is mostly from our conversations:
The Sukoon: ضْ
Pronouncing the ض with sukoon on:
The First Part:
- The two edges of the tongue should be touching the upper side teeth/gum of the upper jaw. The pressure is on these sides, while the tip (of the tongue) barely touches the curved jaw (front upper teeth bone), this way you do not pronounce daa’ sound.
- Again, the tip is lightly touching the curved jaw bone (front upper teeth), while the pressure is on the edges of the tongue touching and pressing against the side teeth (upper).
Friend: got that part
Me: yes, now the mouth is curved?
Friend: of course the mouth is curved in the dhaa !
Friend: it is fast move.. u don’t touch and stay for a while
The second part: the tongue is pushed to the front until it gets to the area where the gum meets the upper front teeth.
So, the tongue starts from the back and slides to the front (that is why the tip of the tongue should be slightly touching the upper jaw), while putting the pressure by the edges (the two side) of the tongue on the side teeth.
- So the sides are pressing against the side teeth, while the tongue (tip) slides towards the front gum and teeth.
- So, In the voweled ض– ضَ ض’ ضِ , you put pressure on the edge of the tongue (the two sides of the tongue).
- The harakah is similar to sukoon, except it is a fast and short sound.
Friend: put the tip on the bone of the jaw where the curve ends
make sure the sides of the tongue touching teeth / gum
slide the tongue to front teeth while trying to make a sound
you must hear a sound caused by the friction b/t the tongue and the meat of upper jaw
Me: a short –iddhhhh
Friend: that sound comes out because you are blocking all the channel of the air, while trying to say something
Me: i can’t cont. ‘cause air has no place to go
Friend: thats the whole point .. the air should have the short distance from bone to teeth Friend: how long you wanted it to be?Me: i thoguht you could continue it like Raa!!!!!
In the end, the best way is to learn directly form a teacher (recitor). You can also watch this video. And this picture of the tongue showig the pressure points on the tongue and its position during pronouncing ad-dhaad.