The first Battle!


Having trouble pronouncing ض ?


The sound of “ ض” is unique to Arabic only, also known as the language of dhaad (لغة الض  ). It can be very tricky for beginners in tajweed. I personally find it one of the toughest letters to pronounce. But with the help of Allah(swt) and some tips, you’ll find it easier to pronounce and be able to “hear” your mistakes with time. And like everything else, practice makes it perfect!

A dear friend of mine spent some time with me on explaining the technique/ways to pronounce ض. The following is mostly from our conversations:                                  

The Sukoon: ضْ

Pronouncing the ض  with sukoon on:

The First Part:

  • The two edges of the tongue should be touching the upper side teeth/gum of the upper jaw. The pressure is on these sides, while the tip (of the tongue) barely touches the curved jaw (front upper teeth bone), this way you do not pronounce daa’ sound.
  • Again, the tip is lightly touching the curved jaw bone (front upper teeth), while the pressure is on the edges of the tongue touching and pressing against the side teeth (upper).

Friend:  got that part

Me: yes, now the mouth is curved?

Friend: of course the mouth is curved in the dhaa !

Me: :S

Friend: it is fast move.. u don’t touch and stay for a while 

The second part: the tongue is pushed to the front until it gets to the area where the gum meets the upper front teeth.

So, the tongue starts from the back and slides to the front (that is why the tip of the tongue should be slightly touching the upper jaw), while putting the pressure by the edges (the two side) of the tongue on the side teeth.

  • So the sides are pressing against the side teeth, while the tongue (tip) slides towards the front gum and teeth.
  • So, In the voweled  ضضَ ض’ ضِ   , you put pressure on the edge of the tongue (the two sides of the tongue).
  • The harakah is similar to sukoon, except it is a fast and short sound.


Friend: put the tip on the bone of the jaw where the curve ends             

make sure the sides of the tongue touching teeth / gum            

slide the tongue to front teeth while trying to make a sound             

you must hear a sound caused by the friction b/t the tongue and the meat of  upper jaw 

 Me: a short –iddhhhh 

Friend: that sound comes out because you are blocking all the channel of the air, while trying to say something 

Me: i can’t cont. ‘cause air has no place to go 

Friend: thats the whole point .. the air should have the short distance from bone to teeth Friend: how long you wanted it to be?Me: i thoguht you could continue it like Raa!!!!!

Friend: nooooooooooooooo

In the end, the best way is to learn directly form a teacher (recitor). You can also watch this video.  And this  picture of the tongue showig the pressure points on the tongue and its position during pronouncing ad-dhaad.


4 Responses to “The first Battle!”

  1. Abdur-Raheem Says:

    As-Salaamu alaykum,

    I live in California, USA and am I looking for a teacher of tajweed that pronounces Dhaad correctly from the posterior side of the tongue with friction. According to the traditional books, Dhaad sounds very similar to Dhaa” (the letter following Taa’) except the side of the tongue is the makhraj of Dhaad while the tip of the tongue with the teeth is the makhraj of Dhaa’. I have studied tajweed with teachers and found that although most teachers know that Dhaad should be pronounced from the side of the tongue, they usually just pronounce a daal with tafkheem using the tip or front portion of the tongue resulting in a deep “d” sound with no audible friction. It almost appears as if the Arabs are losing the correct pronunciation (even Arabic teachers of tajweed). I have learned how to pronounce Dhaad properly from books of Arabic and tajweed but want to check my pronunciation with a teacher with an established chain. The Qur’an is very important so I want to be sure that I pronounce it correctly for myself and if I teach others. Any assistance that you or anyone you know can offer in this matter is greatly appreciated.
    Jazakumullahu Khairan

  2. fromkarachi Says:

    Assalamu Alaykum Warehmatullahi Wabarakatuh,
    JazakAllahu khairan Br. Abdur-raheem for your comments. Personally, I haven’t read many books on tajweed, therefore I’d have to look into the origins and makharij of ad-dhaad. I learned ث Tha’ using the tip of the tongue touching the front teeth, while slightly protuding the tongue so its visible from outside (Easy Tajweed- Dr. Al-muqri syed kaleemullah husaini 1990). But in ض the position of the tongue is very different, I have attached a picture of it showing the parts of the tongue used in pronouncing ض with dots (pressure points).

    The only online source I can think of is paltalk, where some sheikhs hold tajweed halaqah/classes under Islam and arabic chat rooms, usually around evenings (early morning/fajr in M.E., so it is not too late for you). I hope this helps!

    Wassalamu alaikum Warematullahi wabarakatuh~

  3. H Says:

    assalamu alaykum… interesting..

    my teacher taught me that the SIDE of the tongue should touch the upper tooth (not that i could do it right :S )

  4. fromkarachi Says:

    Walaikum Assalaam warehmatullahi wa barakatuh!

    Yes, one side of the tongue can be used as well, so you are right. However, I find it easier to use both sides, makes the sound much heavier than using one side only.

    And Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala knows best.

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