Archive for January, 2007

ABCs of Tajweed (cont’d)

January 28, 2007

مراتب القراءة 

There are 5 levles of recitation:

 

1)      التحقيق at-tahqeeq- reading in a slow paced manner, with tranquility, for the purpose of teaching

     and pondering on the meanings; careful recitation with the rules. 

2)       الترتيل – At- Tarteel, reading in  slow paced manner, with tranquility and ease but not for the purpose of teaching, yet still pondering on the meanings, and paying attention to the rules of tajweed 

3)      الحدر Al-hadr is reciting in a fast manner yet following all the rules.

4)      التدويرTadweer, reading in a balanced manner between hadr and the slow paced recitation, yet still reading with rules. Ibn Al-Jazari said: This is the recitation of most of the recitors. So it is between (h)7adr and tarteel.

5)      زمزمة  The last level is Zamzama: Reading in a low fast manner (to yourself). Example is, when you’re reading in salah, or to yourself. This is the opposite of at-ta7qeeq.

Which Recitation is the best?

Ibn-Mas3ood (RA) and Ibn Abbas(RA) and others said if you read slow and in small portions of the quran you get more reward! So you get to ponder while not over-burning your self by reciting too much.

Al-Shafi’i’s position is different, he says read fast to gain maximum reward and he used the hadith of “Alif lam meem”, narrated by ibn Mas’ood as evidence (The Messenger of Allaah  said: “Whoever reads one letter from the Book of Allaah will earn one good (hasanah) thereby. One good deed is equal to ten good deeds the like of it. I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.’). May Allah (swt) reward our scholars abundantly, and able us to follow in their footsteps, amen.

 Zaid ibn Thabit recorded that the Prophet  said: Allah loves for the Qur’an to be recited the way it was revealed. Which one is that? Tajweed is a balance between carelessness and too much effort. Therefore, the best is tarteel.  Ya’la ibn Malik asked Umm Salamah (RA) about the Prophet’s  recitation: she said each letter he read was very clear (he gave each letter its due right!).

     But in all the levels, the rules of the Tajweed are to be followed, and the right of the letter is not taken away.

SIDE NOTE: One of the scholars of the Quran said, when you recite Quran, you’re actually interacting with the Quran. When you know the meaning of the Quran you’ll recite the way you feel (about the ayaat). So on the ayaat on jannah they (the recitors) cry, or when the ayaat are talking about Allah (SWT) the recitors will raise their voices because it is talking about Allah (to let everyone know about Allah). So you’ll read differently depending upon what you’re reading. *Read the Quran, as if It is talking to YOU (more on it later posts insha’Allah).

Sources: The above notes are taken from an online halaqah on tajweed (which started recently), and the teacher is using the book “بعض المفيد في علم التجويد“, and few websites.

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ABCs of Tajweed

January 27, 2007

تجويد

Definition:

The word Tajweed comes from the word جوٌد – jawwada, which means the opposite of something poorly done, or something low. Tajweed is reciting the letters of the Quran in the best manner, in the best way, giving each letter its due right, pronouncing each letter from the proper makhraj (point of articulation).

To say Jawwad al quran, means recited the Quran in the best manner, and mujeed means the one who does things best.

Tajweed is light and comes with ease. Some people exert more effort, and overdo it while reciting, which is not the part of tajweed. While some others recite the Quran in a laid back style, so it is also not to the point that you become lazy. Just like our deen Islam, tajweed is the middle way, it has to be done in the balance manner.

Tajweed comes from practice- it doesn’t matter what background and language you come from. So when people think they can’t do that, it’s not right, tajweed comes with practice and with time you become mujawwid. Practice, practice, practice, and you’ll be able to recite correctly.

Like learning the language and learning salah, we’ll learn tajweed slowly with practice, and not over night! 

Tajweed is divided into two categories:

      1) Knowledge: It is knowing the articulations of letters, knowing the different forms (e.g. madd, shaddah etc), and all the different rules compiled by the scholars pertaining to the recitation of the quran.

       2) Actions: is to take all these rules and apply them and do تلاوة   (Tilawa- to recite with proper tajweed/slowly).  تلاوة differentiates Quran with all the other things, so people can tell when someone is reciting the Quran, even if we don’t know what surah is being recited.

Your coming to read the Quran, is like you’re doing something great, so fix your self up and recite in best way.

The significance of Tajweed:

It is to preserve the words of quran from changes and distortions, unlike what happened to the books before Quran. And if you see the efforts muslims put in keeping the Quran guarded, subhanAllah, that shows how great the Quran is!

 

When did the study of tajweed start:

In the fourth century after hijrah, the scholars wrote down the rules for tajweed. Before this people learned verbally from their teachers (the companions and their followers).

The origins of tajweed:

We learned tajweed from the Prophet  who taught the sahaba (the companions), who taught the generation after words and so it has come down to us. Even today when a sheikh gives Ijaza’ (certificate of having learned the Quran and recited completely under a sheikh), it has the name of the student, the sheikh, the teacher of the sheikh, and all the names in the chain of transmission until Prophet  and then Jibraeel (as) and then Allah(swt)! The lowest level in Ijaza’ is 27 recitors (the number of people it has passed down through), and the Quran was revealed in 7 dialects and we are only using one.

The goals of tajweed:

Is to gain the rewards form Allah (swt) in the hereafter.

What is the hukm of tajweed: 

Studying the rules of tajweed is fard kifaya, if a group of muslims fulfills it then everybody doesn’t have to do it. But if a group of muslims don’t do it then everyone is in sin. So, a group of muslims who know the rules and details of tajweed can teach others about it.

However, reciting the quran with tajweed is fard ayn, the proof is the ayah :  “And recite the Qur’ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style” (Al-Muzzammil-4)

Meaning of “tarteel”: Making it clear (Ibn ‘Abbaas); reading it letter by letter (Adh-Dhahaak), reading it slowly (Ibn Katheer). This makes easier pondering the meaning.  So, every one who has the resources to learn tajweed, must learn it. It is Haraam to read the Quran wrong!

Every one who has ability to learn tajweed should do so, otherwise we’ll be changing the words of the Quran.

And learning the tajweed has to be by listening, and not only by the book.

Making mistakes in the Quran:

 اللحنin general means rhythym, but in tajweed means ‘error’.

1) اللحن الجلي (obvious errors): It is making a clear mistake, something that is clearly heard. For example, switching letters daal ( د) with dhal , or Qaaf ( ق)  with kaaf (ك), or changing the tashkeel . This kind of mistake is Haram.

 2) اللحن الخفي (hidden errors): This is when reading properly but making errors in tajweed, example, not saying the ghunnah (nasalization) or tanween. This one doesn’t change the meanings of the words, Arabic is correct but rules of the tajweed are not followed. Many scholars consider this type as haraam, the least is makrooh (dislikes) because it takes away the beauty of Quran.

The Reward:

‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever reads one letter from the Book of Allaah will earn one good (hasanah) thereby. One good deed is equal to ten good deeds the like of it. I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.’” 

(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2910; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2327)

This reward is the right of each letter, therefore, give each letter its due right, by pronouncing it correctly!

Following are the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet:

أ- ب- ت-ث-ج-ح-خ-د-ذ-ر-ز-س-ش-ص-ض-ط-ظ-ع-غ-ف-ق-ك-ل-م-ن-ه-و-ي

 

I found a very useful article, definitely a good read!

Remembering Him

January 21, 2007

    Although life is complicated, Alhamdulillah, contemplation is not. It is  so  easy  to get caught up in daily life. Distractions are constant and ever present –  our kids,  finances and homes to name only a few. We fail to take a moment every once in a while to reflect.

We forget about the bounties Allah has bestowed on us; from the basics of our child learning to tie their shoelaces, or the everyday blessings of our health, home and family to even the most complex blessings, such as the opportunity to be Muslim. We often neglect to remind ourselves that everything we have and everything we do is a blessing but it is our choice to acknowledge or overlook them.

Allah, subhanna wa ta’ ala, says: “I am just as My slave thinks I am (i.e., Able to do for him what he thinks I can do for him)…” What do you think Allah can do for you? What has He done for you already? Think of one thing right now that Allah, swt, has done for you today. For one, you are gifted with vision if you’re reading this article. The blessing of sight is something that not everyone has been given, and once given, not everyone keeps. Pointing out our gift of sight may sound-like an overused cliché, but rather than dismiss it, thinking nothing about it; instead be daring and challenge yourself to a serious, yet simple, interactive project:

For exactly 15 minutes today, blindfold yourself and then proceed with your daily routine. While you are blindfolded, think about the things you are no longer able to do. Think about the things you are unable to see: your husband, your children, your grandchildren, anything and everything. Most of us do not truly appreciate anything until it is lost. Being thankful for the blessings you have while you are able to enjoy them is the best time to be grateful.

Allah, swt, reminds us: “If he remembers Me in himself I too, remember him…” Allah is telling us how we can be remembered by Him simply, easily and effortlessly, by just remembering Him. Not by saying, “lnshaAllah” at the end of every sentence without thought but really thinking about Him. Reflecting on our Creator, the Lord of the Universe and all that exists. The One who has given us every single thing we have and every single thing we will ever have in our life and the Hereafter. Think about The One who has given life to every inch of the earth and every thing in it. He is The One who deserves to be remembered.

He, SWT, is more deserving of our remembrance than our job, our family or ourselves. In return for this effortless action on our part, He, in all the Greatness that He is, tells us that He will remember us. Who are we to be remembered in comparison to Him? What have we done for the Earth, our family or even ourselves? Yet He will remember us. SubhanAllah, He is the Most Merciful. He, subhanna wa ta’ ala, goes on further to tell US: “If he comes to Me walking, I go to him running.. .”

Take the first step, and Allah will come to you running. It is the easiest thing in your life you will ever do- totally without complication, to remember and to reflect. Remembrance, introspection, and contemplation do not take any type of real exertion, and even take much time. You can do it walking, driving, working, cooking and cleaning. There is never a time when it would be impossible to spend a few seconds to remember Allah and be thankful for all He has done for you. Make it a daily habit, and you will never regret it.                                                                        

“I am just as My slave thinks I am (i.e., Able to do for him what he thinks I can do for him) and I am with him if he remembers Me. If he remembers Me in himself, I too, remember him in Myself; and if he remembers Me in a group of people I remember him in a group that is better than them; and if he comes one span nearer to Me, I go one cubit nearer to Him; and if he comes one cubit nearer to Me, I go a distance of two outstretched arms nearer to him; and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him running.” (Bukhari)

Although many may be very familiar with this well-known Qudsi Hadeeth, you may not have thought deeply about what it is saying to you. That is Allah, communicating to you, by way of the Prophet, SAW. Every time you read the Quran or a Qudsi Hadeeth, stop and think about the fact that Allah, in His Infinite Wisdom has picked you out of all mankind to become a Muslim. You, not the guy down the street, You. He gave you that opportunity to receive the blessings of this life and the opportunity to spend eternity in Jannah.

 So remember Him and He will remember you.

 

*Note: The above article was provided by a friend (May Allah bless its author and bless us all to remember Him often, in hardship and ease-Ameen).

Making Yourself Weep

January 17, 2007

Bisrnillaah ir-Rahmaan ir-Raheem

as- Salaamu ‘alaykum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu

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 Making Yourself Weep 

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Ibn al Qayyim rahmatullah alayh says in Zaad al-Ma’ad (about making yourself weep): “it is sought after to soften the heart and to increase one’s deep fear of Allah subhana wa ta’ala , and it is not for the sake of being heard or seen by the people”  

Making yourself weep earns less of a reward than actually weeping. However it is the way towards weeping, that is because the one who makes himself weep, is among those who strive hard and fight their souls, and take account of themselves, and endeavor to attain the pleasure of Allah azza wajal. Allah subhana wa tatala says “And those who strive hard in Us [Allah’s cause] We will surely guide them to our paths.” [29:69]  

So whoever strives to make his soul weep, then Allah subhana wa ta’ala will guide this person to sincere weeping and give him success in achieving it.  

 On the authority of Anas radi Allahu anhu who related that he heard rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say “O people weep, for if you cannot weep then make yourself weep. Indeed the inhabitants of the hellfire will weep until their tears pour down their cheeks, as if they were streams until the tears are used up and then blood will pour down, and the eyes will be covered with ulcers.” [hasan in sahih at targheeb wat tarheeb]   

Let me intrude here for a second. Now what was said in the above hadith was enough to get me crying right away. Imagine the situation…you run out of tears…you cry your blood. SubhanAllah…don’t think Islam is horrifying and just meaning to scare us….on the contrary, it’s a warning and a chance for us to avoid being in that situation. There is a hadith (I’m not going to narrate exactly) which said that an eye which weeps out of the fear of Allah will never be touched by hellfire.    Think about it brothers and sisters… we often forget about what’s going to happen to us because we are so caught up in dunyaa. May Allah have mercy on us and grant us both a heart that fears Him and eyes that weep for His sake. Ameen.  

 Reflect over the way rasulu1lah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ordered us to weep or to make ourselves weep.  On the authority of Ibn Abi Mulaykah who said “We were sitting with Abdallah ibn Amr radi Allahu anhu on a rock. He said, ‘Cry and if you cannot cry, then make yourself cry. “If only you knew, you would pray until your back broke and cry until you lost your voice.” [alhakim reported in marfu’ form and it is sahih, adhdhahabi states its authenticity, ibn al mubarak reported it in mawquf form] 

  Start today inshaaAllah, and pounder upon the importance of concentrating in your salah and weeping when you hear the Quraan being read. It’s sad that people cry when they hear poems or songs, but when they read Allah’s words or hear them…it’s like reading a newspaper or just hearing a bunch of words. We don’t know where we are going to be when we die…we don’t even know where we are going to be the next minute or even second of our lives…and if we knew what was going to happen…we would regret every second we wasted in our lives.. . we would regret every fard or sunnah prayers we missed… we would regret every tear we cried over dunyaa matters rather than for Allah’s sake.  Something to think about…isn’t it? Make yourself weep.  

 May Allah guide us all and have mercy on us. Ameen.

*Note: This small reminder is taken from a collection of notes provided by a dear friend.

Dua for work and studies!

January 16, 2007

Found it from a wonderful website: www.imanflash.wordpress.com

Dua for work and studies!