النون و الميم المشددتين
Al noon wa al- meem al mushaddatain (The letter meem and noon with shaddah)
غنة – (ghunnah) The letter ‘meem’ and ‘noon’ are known as ‘ghunna’ letters, nasal sounds. So, a ‘ghunna’ linguistically is nasal sound.
In tajweed classification, it is a sound within the ‘noon’, ‘tanween’ and the ‘meem’. This ‘ghunna’ is apparent in these letters whether they have a ‘haraka’ (moving) or not (has a sukoon – not moving)
When it has a shaddah شدة ,the ghunnah is even stronger, whether it has it has a sukoon or a harakah.
A ‘shaddah’ is a double letter sound, one with sukoon, the next moving, i.e. with a harakah. The shaddah in tajweed is 2 harakaat long (equals 2 seconds). For example: .
It comes in the middle of a word, like “النٌاس، الجنٌة، مسمٌى”
It is called “Al meem (/alnoon) mushaddadah bil ghunnah”. This only happens with the meem and noon.
Or in the end, “جانٌ، ثمٌ” still elongate 2 sec, (jaannn, Thummma)
So this is a simple rule, any time you see a meem and noon with shaddah, you automatically make it 2 secs longer, and don’t hesitate about it.
Quiz: How many ‘meem’letters are there in the word, مِمٌَا ?