Rulings of “Al-Isti3adha”
Al-Isti3aadha means seeking refuge in Allah : أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
Is saying Isti3aadha before reciting Quran a fard?
A group of scholars say that saying Isti3adha is a fard, and they cite the ayah from Surah An-Na7l :
“فإذا قرأت القرآن فاستعذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم”
“So when you want to recite the Qur’ân, seek refuge with Allâh from Shaitân (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).” (16:98)
So, by reciting al-isti3adha, we hasten towards what Allah (swt) has commanded.
There are different ways of saying al-isti3adha:
أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
أعوذ بالله السميع العليم من الشيطان الرجيم
أعوذ بالله من الشيطان
It is said that the best is the first one, as it is the one mentioned in the quran, and Allah knows best.
Al-isti3adha is said in the beginning of the surah, or in the middle.
There are two occasions where you read al-Isti3adha loudly: when you are reading “jahran” and there are people listening, and when you began reciting in a halaqah (teaching).
There are four occasions where you pronounce it “sirran” (silently):
1) In salah (as the Prophet used to do it).
2) In quiet recitation.
3) When you’re not the first one reciting in a halaqah.
4) When you are reciting alone (whether reciting out loud, or quietly to your self).
الإستعاذة و البسملة
Seeking refuge and starting with the Name of Allah
Saying “أعوذ بالله” and “بسم الله” has four methods in the beginning of each surah: Stopping between all, stopping between “استعاذة” and “بسملة”, stopping between “بسملة” and the first ayah, and finally connecting all.
All of these methods are accepted in the beginning of each Surah except Surah At-Tawbah”
Question: What do we do between
surat “al-anfal” and “attawbah”, knowing there is no “استعاذة” between surahs?
You connect the last ayah of Surah Anfaal with At-tawbah.
And If you started/began your recitation with Surah At-Tawbah, then you can say Al-Isti3adha (but not basmallah, since it is not said before Surah At-Tawbah).
Sources: The above notes are taken from an online halaqah on tajweed (which started recently), and the teacher is using the book “بعض المفيد في علم التجويد“, and few websites.