Lesson 3: Al-Qalqalah-The Echo!

>  القلقلة is  an echoing sound.

There are five letters in the quran that are: Qaaf, taa, baa, jeem and daal (ق ط ب ج د )-  قطب جد

      Rule: Only when there is a sukoon on any of these letters, or if you stop at them.

     In the Qur’an: an echoing sound that follows the ق ط ب ج د, in their “sukoon” form only (or if you     cause it to have a ‘sukoon’, as in stopping at the word that ends with one of these letters).

The reason for qalqala is to make sure the letter is heard perfectly.


Because when you stop at one of these letters, you’re closing your airway, and the person listening cannot tell what the last letter was.


Qalqala needs a lot of practice to be said accurately; it doesn’t follow the harakah of the letter before it or after it.

There are Three different levels of Qalqalah:


Level 1 :   The least strength is when it is in the middle of a word

وخلقْناكم أزواجا”, و لا تجْزون إلا ما كنتم تعملون or when you are connecting it with the next word قدْ بينا الآيات لقوم يوقنون. Here the “echo” is very light.


 Level 2:    Middle strength, when the letter is in the end of a word, with no shaddah والله من ورائهم محيط”, “بل هو قرآن مجيد 


Level 3:     It has a shaddah and it comes at the end of an ayah. The strongest qalqalah is when the word is in the end, and has a shaddah, you drop the last harakah, and say it with qalqalah قال رب احكم بالحقٌ 

Here you’d hold the qalqalah for a little bit, because it has shaddah and sukoon.

You drop the last harakah, and leave the shaddah as its part of the word, so if it is haqqi, you make it haqq.


Question : which level is the word تب in first ayay in
surat al masad?


 (answer: Level 3)


Sources: The above notes are taken from an online halaqah on tajweed (which started recently), and the teacher is using the book “بعض المفيد في علم التجويد“, and few websites.


23 Responses to “Lesson 3: Al-Qalqalah-The Echo!”

  1. Muhajirah Says:

    as salaamu alaikum

    Jazaak Allah khaire for these benificial posts. I never knew qalqala had three levels…

  2. fromkarachi Says:

    Assalamu Alaykum warehmatullahi wabarakatuh, ya Muhajirah,

    Wa iyyaki. SubhanAllah, even I had no idea until I attended this lesson!!!!

    May Allah bless us with the companionship of the Quran, make us the perfect recitors and able us all to give Quran its due right (Ameen).

  3. Talib ul Ilm Says:

    Assalamu Alaykum,

    It is true that at face value, there seem to be three levels of qalqalah, which is precisely the reason why contemporary scholars have mentioned as such…. but in reality there are only TWO levels mentioned in the old books of tajweed , namely Qalqalah Kubra and Qalqalah Sughra. The point to understand here is that in reality the levels 2 and 3 that you have mentioned above are of the same category. It is important to differentiate between the pronunciation of tashdeed and qalqalah.

    The actual strength level of the so called echo are the same for levels 2 and 3 (mentioned above)….. what is different though is that you make obvious the shadd in the latter and not the former. So in practice you pronounce two letters (for shad) before the qalqalah in the latter and you pronounce only one letter and the qalqalah in the former.

    You may find out more about this here… http://www.abouttajweed.com/qalqalah_mechanism.htm

    .. and Allah (sw) knows best

  4. Hafsa Says:

    Jazak Allah. I’ll linked the post to my blog:

  5. fromkarachi Says:

    Assalamu Alaykum warehmatullahi wabarakatuh,
    JazakumAllahu khayran Hafsa adn Talib ul ilm.
    Talib ul ilm: I understand what you’re talking about the distinction between shaddah and qalqalah, and i agree it should be clear.
    Tajweed like many sciences, was developed later on to preserve the Quran and to make it easier for people to pronounce perfectly. Therefore, differences are quite possible and appreciated for they make things easier.

    It is interesting to note that all the letters of قطب جد share two characteristics (sifaat): 1) they are all shiddah letters (strong/stressed), 2) all are Qalqalah letters.
    I’ll have to check it with someone knowledgable and in the meantime I hope someone can correct me if I’m wrong.
    Wallahu Ta’ala Alam.

    JazakaAllahu Khayran.

  6. heaven Says:

    assalam o alaikum .i want to ask that is there any tajweed classes on internet on any messenger for free,then reply me soon !!!

    • fromkarachi Says:

      Assalamu alaykum warehmatullahi wabarakatuh,
      sorry for such a late reply. there are many good websites for tajweed esp http://www.abouttajweed.com/index.php
      There is a book for beginners “The Easy Tajweed” (but it is pretty much the same as the site i think). Currently I am so out of touch, I do not know of any online courses/classes going on. Sorry, I’m not of much help.

    • ives Says:

      Assalam Alaikom,

      Here is a great series by Yasir Qadhi. So very beneficial inshaAllah to learn the rules. But we have to keep in mind that we can never practice tajweed by ourselves. Someone has to listen.

      May Allah bless us with the knowledge of His Book, and make us among those who act upon it.

  7. heaven Says:

    assalam o alaikum ,if any one knows about any tajweed book then plz give me some links .i shall b thankful

    • ives Says:

      I know it was too long ago. I hope by now you were able to learn it in the best way. If you still need,I have one booklet. I can send it to you or any other sis’ or bros if they can leave their emails. It is not a perfect one, but it has basic rules [including the levels of qalqalah, but as you might know it is a very deep science, so these are not so very detail]


    May Allah grant you Jannah for what you are doing. Ameen!

  9. Muhammad AHMAD HAROON Says:

    Assalaam`alaikum waraHmatullaah,
    Mashaa-Allaah it is very good.
    Please ammend the followings;

    Level 3: It has a shaddah and it comes at the end of an ayah. The strongest qalqalah is when the “word” is in the end,
    as the “Letter” is in the end,

  10. Abdur-Rahman Muhibudeen Aiku Says:

    Jazakumullahu kulla khayr. In fact, I really appreciate your efforts over these levels of qalqalah you mentioned. It is good development.

  11. Worried Says:

    Thanks, this will really help me in my test

  12. sadiya begum Says:

    more infomatian please i am small ! 8 yr old

  13. hudh,hudh Says:

    Assalam alaikum warahmathullahi wabrakathuh,
    I’m one of qur’an teacher diploma in Saudi Arabia .
    I would like to salve the confusions.
    some scalars has said there is three kind of qalqalah , they are qalqalathul kubra,qalqathus-sughra and qalqalah-al-kabeer. but it is actually kubra and kabeer like same because, qalqalah-al-kubra only for stoping. So, in the word of shadhdhah ح+قْ+قٍ should stop on witch in sign letter with same sound of kubra. so no different for kubra and kabeer but it is good to explain for beginners about al kabeer because to practice like this mushadh,dha,dhah letters. and explain in shadhdhah has sakin and muthaharrik together so hold the sakin and make qalqalah for muthaharrik.
    May you‘ll find mistakes in my English language , so I’m very sorry.

    • tamanna Says:

      what is the rule in case of ‘fasabbih’ in sura ‘Nasr’ and for ‘tabbat yada’ in sura ‘masad’.

      here the qalqalah word bears tasdeed but the words are not in the state of waqf.

      I will be relieved from the anxiety if you help me to get the answer

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  16. tamanna Says:

    what is the rule in case of ‘fasabbih’ in sura ‘Nasr’ and for ‘tabbat yada’ in sura ‘masad’.

    here the qalqalah word bears tasdeed but the words are not in the state of waqf.

    I will be relieved from the anxiety if you help me to get the answer

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