A looong Stretch!

 

What is a Madd? 

Madd linguistically means : more (of something).

Could be used as in to stretch your hand, to help some one by giving money etc.

      In tajweed: elongating the sound of  the ‘madd letters’ for more than two harakaat when it comes before a ‘hamza’ or ‘sukoon’.

Therefore, Madd is to make something longer than 2 harakaat.

« rule of thumb: one harakah = one second

Alqaser : shortening a sound to two seconds (harakaat) only, like {قاصرات} in the ayah :

وَعِنْدَهُمْ قَاصِرَاتُ الطَّرْفِ عِينٌ} (سورة الصافات الآية: 48).

حروف المد 

What are the Madd letters?

Three letters of madd:  ا و ي  (alif, waw, yaa…aa ooo eee)

All theses letters have to have a sukoon on them, but before the waw there has to be a dammah, yaa a kasrah, and  alif a fat7a.

 

« The و with sukoon with a “damma” before, the ي with a ‘kasra’ before, and the ا with a “fat-ha” before it. (يقول – قال – قيل)

An example of all the three letters is found int the word: نوحيها 

The different kinds of Madd:

المد الطبيعي The natural Madd 

The madd that is elongated for two harakat only is called “natural madd”مد طبيعي (it is part of the letter, and comes in all cases)

It is also called “original madd” مد أصلي –

      There are four kinds of it:

       1. Within a word (original), it can come at the end of the word as well: مالك ضحاها 

 2. Within two words (male pronoun): The connected small madd – مد صلة صغرى

إنه هو – به بصيرا 

 

[This kind comes between two words, the end of the first word has a haa-addameer (male pronoun haa- e.g. innahu إنه هو), between two words, you do madd for 2 secs.

 e.g. به بصيرا (has a waw, or a little yaa next to it in the mushaf)]

 

3. Within two words (male pronoun) : The connected big madd – مد صلة كبرى 

{وهو يحاوره أنا}، {وله أجر}، {به أحداً}. 

[This also comes  between two words, and ends with a male pronoun, but the letter in the 2nd word has to be a “hamzah”, e.g. له أجره, به أحدا  You can either make it 2 harakah, or 4 harakaat long.]

 

4. Within one word (not original) :غفورا رحيما  سميعا بصيراً

 

[So when stopping at the word, you remove kasratain and stretch it to baseeraaah.

Madd only if you stop at the word. Also called,   مد العوض (3iwadd means exchange, so change tanween to sukoon).]

حروف اللين Madd al-leen (soft letters) 

There are two letters called “leen” letters which are the و and the ي that have “fa-ha” before them, and they are elongated if you stop at the word.

[So you only make a madd if you STOP at It, therefore, MUST STOP at it to make a madd. It is 2 harakaat long. E.g. بيت ,  خوف]

{فَمَا وَجَدْنَا فِيهَا غَيْرَ بَيْتٍ مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ} (سورة الذاريات الآية: 36)

الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُمْ مِنْ جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُمْ مِنْ خَوْفٍ} (سورة قريش الآية: 4)

Sources: The above notes are taken from an online halaqah on tajweed (which started recently), and the teacher is using the book “بعض المفيد في علم التجويد“, and few websites.

3 Responses to “A looong Stretch!”

  1. Saied Says:

    Thanks really helped me understand what I could not understand in a whole week of web search.

  2. fromkarachi Says:

    Jazakumallahu khayran Saied,

    Please, remember me in your duas.

    wassalamu alaykum.

  3. nasra Says:

    jazakallahu kahayraah……

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