Surah Tabarak and Juz 29:
Allah says: Verily this quran guides to the best, give glad tidings to the believers who do good and for them is the great reward.
إِنَّ هَـذَا الْقُرْآنَ يِهْدِي لِلَّتِي هِيَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا كَبِيرًا
17:9- VERILY, this Qur’an shows the way to all that is most upright, and gives the believers who do good deeds the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward.
(And, those who read the book of Allah and perform salah, and dispense from what we give them in secret and in public, they trade in partnership that is never unsuccessful and he will give them more and he will increase them in the reward, he is most giving….)
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنفَقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ سِرًّا وَعَلَانِيَةً يَرْجُونَ تِجَارَةً لَّن تَبُورَ
35:29- (It is) they who [truly] follow God’s revelation, and are constant in prayer, and spend on others, secretly and openly, out of what We provide for them as sustenance – it is they who may look forward to a bargain that can never fail.
Hadith: Verily Allah has special people on this earth ( dunya), they are the people of the quran in this dunya.
The Quran is the miracle from Allah, it is a guidance for people. And Quran is not a book like any other book, you don’t read Quran just to get hasanaat (reward), it is a book that you ponder upon and get guidance from it.
Many people read Quran but do not benefit from it, becuase they are not seeking any benefit from it. Quran talks to us all on different levels, and if you’re not willing to listen and your hearts are closed then you’ll not benefit from it.
A part of the Quran was revealed in Makkah for the unbelievers, and a part in medina where there were mixed religions, and later in medina when muslims became majority. So Quran has different styles for people in makkah and medina.
In Makkah due to jahiliyya (ignorance), the verses were very strong and powerful because the arabs did not believe in Allah but had ver good grasp of the Arabic language. These verses were to destroy their believes and prove them wrong, hence very challenging too. These verses were on tawhid (the oneness of Allah subhanahu wata’ala) and Ar-rububiyyah (to believe that there is only one god, who created the universe and they only one with power).
People in general love the makki surahs/verses, and perhaps it is because we need this tawheed, and not to learn so much about fiqhi issues. Verses also spoke about the stories of people/nations passed before and how they were punished for their disbelieve.
If we move towards the medina verses, the Quran was mainly talking to a group of muslims, and takes a different approach. It talks about angels, books, our relationship with jews/Christians, and about jannah, akhira, patience when hurt by disbelievers etc.
These verses also talk about ahkaam (orders/obligations), and halal/haram and jihad because jihad comes after you learn about Allah subhanhu wa ta’ala. It talks about the hypocrites as well in medina.
Every juzz has special characteristics and topics that it revolves around.
All of the verses in juz 29 are makkiyaa. The first thing it talks about is aqueedah (believe/creed), for the early muslims in islam, and to let them know who the creator is and build a strong society based on the correct believe in Allah subhanhu wa ta’ala to establish and carry on the message.
So, if you believe in Allah then it is easier to follow the ahkaam but if you do not believe then it is very hard to follow all these ahkaam.
The Quran paid special attention to aqueedah from the very beginning. The first verse”Whoever disbeleives in imaan, all his work will be useless an on the day of judgement, and he will be among the losers!!! So Allah makes it clear that there is no way around it!
The six pillars of imaan: the first is the belief in Allah-one who has dominion of everything, who has created and gives rizq sustenance etc.
Beginning of surah tabrak talks about this.
Later on the verses ask about who will/can protect and give rizq from Allah.
Then on the belief in messengers and truth, and akhira.
Later on in the juzz is surah qiyaamah, where it talks about the day of judgement.
Muslim is not to be lost in this dunya and not know what they are doing here in this world.
Surah Tabarak is the key to the whole juzz:
1st verse: the power of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, who has created life and death and he gives and takes, and this is a test to see who is good and who is bad. The purpose of living and dying?
The verse ends with Allah is most merciful, and most forgiving. That to Allah belongs the most perfect and good characteristics.
He subhanhu wa ta’ala created 7 heavens, and He created the earth to walk in its path, and later on the sings of the birds flying on top of them, these are the wonders of Allah and the perfection in creation, a challenge to find a fault in His creation, and obviously human beings can’t.
Later on in another surah Allah says: “no soul will carry the burdens of other”
“Every soul is responsible for what it has earned”
The same message is carried and extended upon in the whole juzz.
Even Akhira and the punishment ties in to the very first verse: He has power over everything and the power to reward and punish.
The verses of punishment are followed by the verses of reward for believers, so muslims have hope in Allah subhanhu wa ta’ala.
Also tying in with the power of Allah, are the verses that say: are you not scare that Allah will cause the earth to shake and send winds and no one will be able to protect them, this is the part of aqueedah.
At the end, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Say He is Arrahman the most merciful, and we believe in Him and we have our trust in Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. And this is the aqueedah we need and the whole chapter says it over and over again. This is all talking to the disbelievers, Allah is talking to people who do not even believe in Him!
1) The believe that Allah has power, dominion, creator, and He is the only one ot seek help form, the one who gives and takes.
2) He is the only creator, and he created perfectly.
3) The truth of life and death, so we are tested in our life,
4) The punishment of akhira, jannah and rewards for believer.
5) Allah is responsible for disbelievers, and He will deal with them
6) Allah has described the right way to jannah, and with His mercy we will enter jannah if we follow it.